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Once home to an independent empire, Trabzon has always benefited from its strategic location on the Black Sea Coast, protected by a formidable wall of mountains. The city was founded by wanderers from Miletus in the 8th century BC, but when the Fourth Crusade reached and sacked Constantinople in 1204 AD, the noble family was driven out, and the Comneni’s established their empire here, calling it Trebizond. This empire survived and prospered from trade with such varied partners as the Selcuks, Mongols, the Genoese, and Persians until it was replaced in 1461 with the Ottomans, who by then had conquered large parts of Anatolia.

As the largest port on Eastern Turkey’s Black Sea Coast, Trabzon today serves an interesting role as go-between for the countries of the Ex-Soviet Union, and for Russia itself. Goods being imported to and exported from Georgia, Armenia, Iran, and Azerbaijan usually make their way through Trabzon at some point, and it is the also the exit point for the Blue Stream, the world’s deepest underwater oil pipeline. This modern town of over 200,000 is thoroughly commercial, crowded and intercultural. Trabzon is a fascinating blend of cultures and lifestyles, and has featured in the stories of such renowned travellers as Marco Polo and Rose Macaulay, so you’re guaranteed to be in good company.

Shorex Alternatives Shorex Alternatives

ITS brings you shore excursions in all of Turkey’s top ports. Up and down the Mediterranean, the Aegean, in Istanbul and even the Black Sea. Historic treasures, beautiful vistas, shopping, dining and authentic hospitality, all with thoughtfully planned itineraries and experienced, professional guides.

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Places of Interest Places of Interest

From Classical Greek to Early Christian, Byzantine and Ottoman, Turkey’s almost 6,000 year old cultural mosaic has produced a wide variety of historic sites and attractions that have amazed visitors since Herodotus, the “father of history”.

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Regional Map Regional Map

Want to see how to get from here to there or what’s close to what? Then just check out the map...

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